In a recent trip across Canada, I started to take note of all the signs indicating that rock formations were produced by water over millions of years.
“The Bow Valley was shaped by water over millions of years…”
“About 160 million years ago they [the Rockies] began to form. The sediments that had settled on the ancient sea bed were now kilometers deep…”
“Over the past 100 million years, this canyon has been shaped by volcanic eruptions, massive glaciers, raging rivers, waterfall and rapids. Slowly, the sheer force of water has worn away the granite rock walls to reveal the canyon below you.”
This is consistent with what I have found stated as fact in school science text books:
“Limestones, shales and sandstones of Southern and Eastern Ontario, we deposited in large inland seas between 570 and 400 million years ago.”
It is true that most of the geology we see today was produced by water, but it was a catastrophic global flood that destroyed the earth (Genesis 6:13) and it was only about 4300 years ago (see The Big Bang is a Big Hoax). Atheists hang their hat on radiometric dating as the sole proof that the earth is 4.5 billion years old. In his debate against Ken Ham (see 7 Truths About Creation & Evolution), Bill Nye was asked what scientific evidence there was to support his view of the age of the earth, outside of radiometric dating methods. Unable to come up with any other evidence, he said, “Radiometric evidence is pretty compelling”. He went on to say that it was a mystery as to how the earth could be old enough to allow evolution to have taken place, but Lyell came up with the first use of the term “deep time”.
Lyell was not the first to come up with the idea of long ages for the earth, but he was among those scoffers of whom the Bible prophesied would come in the last days, suggesting that the geological processes we see today have been the same from the beginning, denying that Noah’s flood ever took place.
Scoffers will come in the last days… saying… “all things continue as they were from the beginning of creation.”… they willfully forget… the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water (2 Peter 3:3-6).
Known as the father of modern geology, James Hutton originated the theory of uniformitarianism: the assumption that the same natural laws and processes that operate in the universe now have always operated in the universe in the past. In his book, Theory of the Earth, Hutton writes:
“The past history of our globe must be explained by what can be seen to be happening now… No powers are to be employed that are not natural to the globe, no action to be admitted except those of which we know the principle…. I see no vestige of a beginning or prospect of and end”.
Note that this concept that formed the foundation for the scientific community’s understanding of geology was not born out of science at all. World renowned Harvard evolutionary biologist Dr. Stephen J. Gould said:
“Hutton did not draw his fundamental inferences from more astute observations in the field, but by imposing on the earth, à priori (i.e. based on thought or reasoning alone), the most pure and rigid concept of time’s cycle ever presented in geology.”
Time’s Arrow, Time’s Cycle: Myth and Metaphor in the Discovery of Geological Time, p. 63, Harvard University Press
Charles Lyell (1797-1875) was not the originator of old earth geology as Bill Nye suggests, but he was responsible for popularizing uniformitarianism, largely through his book, Principles of Geology. The thing to note about Lyell, is that he had a pre-determined agenda to remove Noah’s flood from consideration in geology, as is clear from these quotes.
“I trust I shall make my sketch of progress of geology popular. Old Fleming [a minister] is frightened and thinks the age will not stand by my anti-Mosaical conclusions… I am sure you may get into Q.R. [a journal] what will free the science [of geology] from Moses… but all I say is, there are, as Hutton said, ‘no signs of a beginning, no prospect of an end.”
“P.S. … I conceived the idea five or six years ago [1824-25], that if ever the Mosaic geology could be set down without giving offence, it would be in a historical sketch.”
“I have always been strongly impressed with the weight of an observation of an excellent writer and skillful geologist who said that ‘for the sake of science – of truth in every form – the physical part of geological inquiry ought to be conducted as if the scriptures were not in existence.”
Charles Darwin (1809-1882) is a scoffer who was famous for applying uniformitarian principles to biological evolution. His journal entry in 1834 a few weeks into his famous voyage of the Beagle begins with “Guided by Principles of Geology, and having under my view the vast changes going on in this continent [South America]…”
I find it interesting that in his book, Origin of the Species, he admits that the long ages are simply the opinion of geologists, but then immediately refers to them as facts. He then goes on to point out that if you cannot get your head around the billions of years assumed by geologists, you might as well stop reading his theory about biological evolution.
“In all parts of the world the piles of sedimentary strata are of wonderful thickness… Between successive formations we have in the opinion of most geologist, blank periods of enormous length, so that this lofty pile gives but an inadequate idea of the time elapsed during its accumulation. The consideration of these facts impresses the mind in the same manner as does the vain endeavour to grapple with the idea of eternity.”
“He who can read Sir Charles Lyell’s grand work on the Principles of Geology, which the future historian will recognise as having produced a revolution in natural science, and yet does not admit how vast have been the past periods of time, may at once close this volume.”
Charles Darwin, Origin of the Species, 1859
The Legacy of the Scoffers
The stated objective of these scoffers who rejected the authority of scripture was to remove the flood from recognition in geology, by arbitrarily insisting that the present gradual processes are the key to the past. In doing so, they left a legacy of deceiving church leaders into imposing billions of years on the Bible and reinterpreting scripture.
“Can any man tell me when the beginning was? Years ago we thought the beginning of this world was when Adam came upon it; but we have discovered that thousands of years before that God was preparing chaotic matter to make it a fit abode for man, putting races of creatures upon it, who might die and leave behind the marks of his handiwork and marvelous skill, before he tried his hand on man.”
C.H. Spurgeon, 1855
Can you imagine the concept of a God who had to practice creating creatures before gaining enough skill to create man? How could there possibly be thousands of years of creatures dying before Adam, when death entered the world through Adam’s sin (Romans 5:12)? How did great Bible teachers like Spurgeon get duped into accepting the evolutionary timescale imposed by atheists? Maybe a better question is why most people still reject the Biblical timeline today.
Most theologians and Hebrew scholars agree that the Genesis account clearly presents a history of only about 6,000 years, but then go on to reason that science requires billions of years. By science, they typically mean the evolutionary silver bullet: radiometric dating.
What About Radiometric Dating?
Let me start by pointing out that there are hundreds of physical processes that set limits on the age of the universe and more than 90% of them give an age of less than billions of years. Radiometric dating in no way proves that rocks are millions or billions of years old, but rather assumes that is the case. Keep in mind that the scoffers came up with the idea of long ages to support evolution in the 17-18 hundreds, but radiometric dating was only invented in the early 1900’s.
Radiometric dating is based on the fact that certain unstable parent atoms in a rock (e.g. potassium) decay over time into a completely different kind of daughter atom (e.g. argon). Measuring the amount of potassium and argon in a rock is good observational science, as is the discovery that potassium decays to argon. Radiometric dating then proposes that we can use the amount of potassium and argon in a rock along with the current potassium-argon decay rate to calculate the age of the rock… and that’s where we leave science behind in favour of history based on one’s religious beliefs about the past (yes, evolution is a religious belief).
For radiometric dating to produce the results evolutionists are looking for, it requires three assumptions:
- Initial conditions are known (e.g. all the argon was initially potassium).
- There has been no contamination of the rock over the supposed millions or billions of years (e.g. no argon has been introduced into the rock over time).
- The decay rate (e.g. potassium-argon) has been constant for billions of years.
Unfortunately for evolutionists, these assumptions are not only unreasonable, but have been proven false through good observational science. For example, a sample of lava that was observed to have formed and cooled 10 years prior at Mount St. Helens was found to have so much argon that its calculated potassium-argon age was 340,000 years. But we know the rock was 10 years old! Clearly, we cannot assume that the rock had no argon when it was formed. Similarly, a lava flows from Mt. Ngauruhoe, New Zealand that was known to be less than 50 years old yielded a rubidium-strontium age of 133 million years, a samarium-neodymium age of 197 million years, and a uranium-lead age of 3.908 billion years! If radiometric dating is so accurate, why do these results differ by billions of years? In another example, crystals found in granite from New Mexico captured evidence of uranium decay that generated 6000 years worth of helium, yet the sample had a uranium-lead age of 1.5 billion years, indicating that the decay rate must have been significantly different in the past.
Check out the video below if you would like to learn more about radiometric dating and its faulty assumptions. I have also included links to a couple of videos that demonstrate that geological evidence is overwhelmingly consistent with a recent global flood, just as described in the Bible.